Friday, 30 December 2016

Mankind tottered - Quran Chptr 2-36a (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-64) -درس قرآن


Quran Chptr 2-36a (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-64) -درس قرآن

 Mankind tottered

Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
  
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

36a.  But Satan caused them to deflect there-from and expelled them from the (happy) state in which they were;
36a.  Fa-‘azalla-humash-shay-taanu  ‘anhaa  fa-‘akh-raja-humaa  mimmaa  kaanaa  fiih.

Commentary

Fa-‘azalla-huma – (Then they were enticed). This word has been derived from zallah, which means “to entice, to cause to deflect, to cause to remove from a particular place”. Intentional disobedience or rebellion does not come in the meaning of this word. But it is such an error, a slip; which is due to omission or unknowingly mistake.

‘Ash-shay-taanu –(Satan), it means such creature who went away from the Mercy of Allah Almighty. It is the second name of Iblis. He disobeyed the command of God Almighty, so He was ordered to get out of the Paradise. Then He became mortal enemy of the generation of Adam (Peace be upon Him). He cannot compel the human being to disobey God or to commit evil, but He induces the mankind with different methods to go on the path of evil. He is able to influence (whether he is nigh or far) without measurement of the distances. Natural resistances are valueless for him. 

‘Anhaa – (by means of it) It may be an indication towards the tree. That is to say; by means of the tree, Satan caused to deflect them {Adam and Eve (Peace be upon them)} and it may also be an indication towards the Paradise, in this form, it will be meant they (Peace be upon them) were caused to expel from the Gardens.

God Almighty settled Adam and His wife (Peace be upon them) in Paradise and prevented from eating the fruit of that particular tree, but not to go nigh it. Satan did not fall prostrate toward Adam (peace be upon Him), so He became a renegade and mortal foe of Adam (peace be upon Him) due to jealousy. He intended strongly in his heart that anyhow Adam should be caused to deflect from the Paradise.

In the Holy Qur’aan, it is mentioned at another place that Iblis approached Adam and His wife (peace be upon Them) and assured Them by swearing that He was Their friend and well-wisher, and caused to instigate Them: If you will eat the fruit of this tree, you will become Angels or will live in the Paradise forever. And you will never be discharged from here.

Adam and His wife (peace be upon them) were entrapped. They did not know that anyone can swear falsely of God Almighty. They ate the fruit of that tree. As soon as they ate the fruit, their raiment of Paradise was dropped down from their bodies and they began to cover their shame being bashful with the leaves of the trees. Allah Almighty ordered them to get out from there. Satan became cause of their deflection from the Paradise. It is necessary for us to try our best to save ourselves from His deception.

Transliterated Holy Qur’aan in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif) https://youtu.be/UhVw0cQRV0Q

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