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Mankind tottered - Quran Chptr 2-36a (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-64) -درس قرآن

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QuranChptr 2-36a (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-64) -درس قرآن
Mankind tottered
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2) BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofAllah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
36a.  But Satan caused them to deflect there-from and expelled them from the (happy) state in which they were; 36a.  Fa-‘azalla-humash-shay-taanu  ‘anhaa  fa-‘akh-raja-humaa  mimmaa  kaanaa  fiih.
Commentary
Fa-‘azalla-huma – (Then they were enticed). This word has been derived from zallah, which means “to entice, to cause to deflect, to cause to remove from a particular place”. Intentional disobedience or rebellion does not come in the meaning of this word. But it is such an error, a slip; which is due to omission or unknowingly mistake.
‘Ash-shay-taanu –(Satan), it means such creature who went away from the Mercy of Allah Almighty. It is the second name of Iblis. He disobeyed the command of God Almighty, so He was ordered to get out of the Paradise. Then He became mortal enemy of the generation of Ad…

The Tree which was forbidden for Adam - Quran Chptr 2 35b Pt 1,Stg 1L 63 درس قرآن

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QuranChptr 2-35b (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-63) -درس قرآن
The Tree which was forbidden for Adam
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofAllah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
35b.  but come not nigh this tree lest ye become wrongdoers. 35b.  wa  laa taqrabaa  haazihish-shajarata  fata-kuunaa  minaz-zaalimiin.
Commentary
Laa taqrabaa - come not nigh (near). Adam (peace be upon Him) was prevented from going near a tree of Paradise for the purpose that he should not desire the fruit of that tree. Actual object of this command was that he (peace be upon Him) should not eat the fruit of that particular tree, which was forbidden at that time for them.   
Haazihish-shajarata – ‘this tree’ was a tree from the trees of Paradise and Adam (peace be upon Him) was caused to recognize about that tree. In Holy Qur’aan there is no explanation about it, however the commentators have different views about that particular tree. Some of them say that it was the tree of grape…

Dwelling of Adam in the Garden - Quran Chptr 2-35a (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-62) -درس قرآن

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QuranChptr 2-35a (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-62) -درس قرآن
Dwelling of Adam in the Garden
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofAllah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
35a.  And We said: O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and eat ye, freely (of the fruits) thereof where ye will; 35a.  Wa  qulNaa  yaaa-‘Aada-mus-kun  ‘anta  wa  zaw-jukal-Jannata  wa kulaa  minhaa  ragadan  hay-su  shi’-tumaa;  
Commentary
Jannata – literal meaning of this word is: Such Garden; crowded trees of which; cover the land. In the term of Islamic Law; it aims, such dignified Garden, in which, there are countless blessings and which will be bestowed to the virtuous persons on the Day of Resurrection. That Garden is called Jannah (Paradise) also because its blessings are hidden from our eyes too.
zaw-juka – (Your wife), Eve (the wife of Adam (peace be upon Them), who was already born at that time; before this discussion. She is the Mother of entire human beings.
Hay-s…

Prostration of the Angels - Quran Chptr 2-34 (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-61) -درس قرآن

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QuranChptr 2-34 (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-61) -درس قرآن
Prostration of the Angels
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofAllah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
34.  And when We said unto the angels: Prostrate yourselves before Adam, they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever.  34.  Wa  ‘iz  qulNaa  lil- malaaa-‘ikatis-judduu  li-‘Aadama fasajaduuu  ‘illaaa ‘Ibliis ‘abaa  wastakbara  wa   kaana  minal-kaafiriin.
Commentary
‘As-judduu – (Fall prostrate), literally, as well as particularly according to the Divine precepts of the religion - Sajdah means prostration; to bow the body and put the forehead on the ground before someone as in the prayer.  Sajdah is the most venerable sign, so in accord with the religious Law of God Almighty, save Him; prostration is forbidden for anyone else. In this verse, the aim from falling prostrate before Adam (peace be upon Him) is that the Angels (peace be upon Them) bo…

Success of the Knowledge - Quran Chptr 2-33 (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-60) -درس قرآن

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QuranChptr 2-33 (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-60) -درس قرآن
Success of the Knowledge
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofAllah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
33.  He said: O Adam! Inform them of their names, and when he had informed them of their names, He said: Did I not tell you that I know the secret of the heavens and the earth? And I know that which ye disclose and which ye hide. 33.  Qaala  “Yaaa-‘Aadamu ‘ambi’-hum- bi-‘asmaaa-‘ihim.”  Falammaaa   ‘amba-‘ahum- bi-‘Asmaaa-ihim,  qaala   ‘alam ‘aqul-lakum  ‘iNiii   ‘A’-lamu gay-bas-samaawaati wal-‘arz, wa ‘A’-lamu maa tubdunna  wa maa kuntum taktu-muun.
Commentary
The event of Adam’s (Peace be upon Him) Caliphate is being narrated continuously. When Allah Almighty proclaimed about the Caliphate of Adam before Angels (Peace be upon Them), at first; they requested, “We confess with every breath; of Your Praise, Glory and Holiness, as though, if only Praise is required, then we have been pe…

Comparison among Adam and Angels - Quran Chptr 2-31b (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-59) -درس قرآن

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QuranChptr 2-31b (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-59) -درس قرآن
Comparison among Adam and Angels
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofAllah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
31b.  then showed them to the angels, saying: Inform Me of the names of these, if ye are truthful.
32.  They said: Be glorified! We have no knowledge saving that which Thou hast taught us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Knower, the Wise. 31b.  summa  ‘arazahum  ‘alal-malaaa-‘ikati  faqaala  ‘ambi-‘uuNii  bi-‘as-maaa-‘i  haaa-‘u-laaa-‘i  ‘in- kuntum saadiqiin.
32.  Qaaluu –Subhaanaka laa  ‘ilma  lanaaa  ‘illaa  maa ‘allamTanaa.  ‘InnaKa  ‘Antal-‘Aliimul-Hakiim.
Commentary  As, it has been discussed earlier that “the Angels (peace be upon them) know only, about which; they have been given knowledge”. They; neither know about those things which they do not need, and nor can try to know about them.
So, after teaching the names of all things to Adam (Peace be upon Him), Allah Almighty …

Pre-eminence of Knowledge - Quran Chptr 2-31a (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-58) -درس قرآن

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QuranChptr 2-31a (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-58) -درس قرآن
Pre-eminence of Knowledge
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofAllah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
31a.  And He taught Adam all the names, 31a.  Wa  ‘allama  ‘Aadamal-‘as-maaa-‘a  kullahaa
Commentary ‘Aadama – (Adam) - He (peace be upon Him) is Father of the entire human beings. He is also called Abu –ul-Bashar (Father of the mankind). This is a Persian word (non Arabic).
‘As-maaa-‘a.  (the Names), it is plural of ‘ism, which means “name”. The word; which is spoken for acquaintance of any person or thing, is used as its name. To recognize such person/thing, it is also necessary that its qualities and signs should be known. Here it aims, “the names of all things, their characteristics and conditions, which would have to become necessary for Adam and His children after sending them down on the earth.” God Almighty acquainted Adam (Peace be upon Him) about the entire things’ names, their states a…

Answer to Angels - Quran Chptr 2-30c (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-57) -درس قرآن

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QuranChptr 2-30c (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-57) -درس قرآن
Answer to Angels
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofAllah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
30c.  He said: Surely I know that which ye know not. 30c.  Qaala  ’Inniii ‘a’-lamu  maa  laa  ta’-lamuun”.
Commentary When Allah Almighty proclaimed before His Bright Beings (Angels) (peace be upon them): I wish to appoint My vicegerent in the earth. The Angels (peace be upon them) established a conception thoughtfully about the Caliph and considered that; which are being created from such different things (clay, water, fire and air), when they will come in the world, essentially they will spread disturbance, unrest and quarrel with one another. They will shed blood of their brothers and rob. It was one side of the life of mankind, which was presented by the Angels (peace be upon them). That is to say; such side which was dark; and in which, only evil was seen.   Before the Angels (peace be upon them), it…

Request by the Angels - Quran Chptr 2-30b (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-56) -درس قرآن

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QuranChptr 2-30b (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-56) -درس قرآن
Request by the Angels
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofAllah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
30b.  They said: Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctify Thee? 30b.  Qaaluuu  ‘ataj-‘alu  fiihaa many-yufsidu  fiihaa  wa  yasfi-kud-dimaaa’.  Wa  nahnu  nusabbihu  bi-Ham-dika  wa nu-qaddisu  lak.
Commentary Yasfi-kud-dimaaa – the wordyasfi-ku has been derived fromsafaka, which means “to shed blood, to cause to flow”. And‘ad-dimaaa is plural of ‘dam’ which means blood).
Nusabbihu – (We hymn) – this word has come out fromtasbiih, which means “to consider by heart that Allah Almighty is the Most Superior than entire creatures, and accept it with one’s tongue, and in addition, admit that all good attributes in Him are according to His Dignity.
Nu-qaddisu – (We sanctify) – this word has been derived fromtaqdiis, which means…