Friday, 31 March 2017

God commands: Be! And it is. - Quran Chapter 2- 117 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-143) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 117 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-143) - درس قرآن

God commands: Be! And it is.

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

بَدِيعُ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِوَإِذَا قَضَىٰٓ أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُۥ كُن فَيَكُونُ (117

117.  The Originator of the heavens and the earth! And when He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! And it is.
117.  Badii-‘us-samaa-waati  wal-‘arz.  Wa  ‘izaa qazaaa ‘amran- fa- ‘innamaa Yaquulu lahuu  “KUN”  fayakuun.

Commentary

Badii-‘un – (The Originator - without matter and model or sample). This word has been derived from the word bada’. The word abdaa’a has also come out from it. It means “to make anything without matter and without looking any sample/model”. Badii’ means “an Inventor, Artificer, Artist and Artisan, Who is really and truly Originator and Inventor, Who does neither need any tool or instrument, nor any material or goods, nor He is Indigent of model and nor any Instructor/teacher. He may originate/invent everything, whether it has its body or sample earlier or not. He may create, originate or invent anything, anytime and anywhere. He is The Creator of the entire universe, earth and skies.

False faiths and beliefs of the Idolater and Infidel nations have been rejected in this verse. . They imagined that the matter was already in existence prior to becoming it in any form. Only God Almighty originated the universe after forming it in an order.

By telling His attribute Badii, Allah Almighty has commanded here that only His Existence is ancient, eternal and infinite. He has invented all the existing, of whose, there did no pattern already exist. He has given shape to the disruption of heaven, earth and everything in the universe. For Him, it is very easy to create everything from the very beginning without any pattern and matter.

“KUN” fayakuun - (Be! And it is), to create and invent the universe, Allah Almighty does not need any reason, cause, means, ground or support. Just His Command and sign is enough. This verily reality has been explained in this short sentence.

It is known from this verse that only Allah is The Ancient. There was a time when only He was Living and nothing else existed. Only He created everything with His Intention. Neither He has felt need of any partner nor helper. Only He is, Who gives new shapes/forms to all things. It is wrong faith of materialists that God Almighty is indigent of any one or He has need of anyone else. 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/B-X7_K27JUs

Thursday, 30 March 2017

God has not taken unto Him any son - Quran Chapter 2- 116 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-142) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 116 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-142) - درس قرآن

God has not taken unto Him any son

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 وَقَالُوا۟ ٱتَّخَذَ ٱللَّهُ وَلَدًا سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ بَل لَّهُۥ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ كُلٌّ لَّهُۥ قَٰنِتُونَ (116)

116.  And they say: Allah hath taken unto Himself a son. Be He glorified! Nay, but whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth is His. All are subservient unto Him.
116.  Wa qaalutta  -khazAllaahu  waladan, SubhaanaH.  Bal-laHuu  maa fis-samaawaati  wal-‘arz.  Kullul-laHuu  qaanituun.

Commentary

In the previous verse, it has been discussed that the perception of the Children of Israel and the the Christians that Allah Almighty likes a particular direction, is false, “so Allah Almighty refuted it that: the mankind should turn to such particular direction for turning unto Him, and commanded that He is not bound in any side or boundary of any place of worship. But He is the Master of the entire Universe and there are no limitations for Him, so you can turn your faces and bodies to any side for His worship. He will be attentive unto you.

‘Itta  -khaza – (has, have, make, catch, to choose, to elect, to fix upon, to assume, to adopt), translation of the entire words is taken as the same.

Qaanituun – (subservient, loyal, servant), Singular to this word is Qaanat, which means the person; who obeys the command, is obedient. The wordQanuut has been derived from it too. The Prayer in the Witr prayer is called “the Qanuut prayer” because it contains complete obeying and obedience of Allah Almighty in it.

The Christians had another wrong belief that God Almighty has adopted the Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) as His son (Let us flee to Allah). This faith of theirs’ is the worst kind of plurality with God Almighty. Allah Almighty commands that He is Pure and Sacred from their all these types of false talks regarding the plurality. He has no child. He is One. He is Master of the entire Universe. All that is present in the earth and the skies, is obedient of His Order. His Emperor is everywhere. His relation with the creature is such as the entire universe, the demons and the human beings are worshipers and obedient to Him (only one Worshiped). He is Lord and God of all. The entire things in the universe have bent their heads before His Order. It is also the human beings’ excellence, if they bend their heads in front of Him and not to obey anyone else except Him.

  Muslim nation is Flag-holder of Oneness of God and she preaches the faith: The infidelity (i.e. ascribing plurality) to Allah is the greatest sin. We should avoid from it and we should believe in the Unity of God by our hearts.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/8XclQDNo0IU

Wednesday, 29 March 2017

Unto God belong the East and the West - Quran Chapter 2- 115 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-141) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 115 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-141) - درس قرآن

Unto God belong the East and the West

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 وَلِلَّهِ ٱلْمَشْرِقُ وَٱلْمَغْرِبُ فَأَيْنَمَا تُوَلُّوا۟ فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ ٱللَّهِإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ وَٰسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ (115)

115.  Unto Allah belong the East and the West, and whither-soever ye turn, there is Allah’s Countenance. Lo! Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
115.  Wa  Lillaahil-Mashriqu wal-Magrib;  Fa-‘aynamaa tu-walluu fa-samma waj-hUllaah.   ‘InnAllaaha  Waasi-‘un ‘Aliim.

Commentary

Waj-hu – literally it means “Face”. Its other meanings are body, person, kind, nature. So it aims that “to which side you will turn; God Almighty exists there”. Wherever you will go you will find Allah there. The East and the West, the North and the South, all belong to Allah Almighty.

During the times of Ignorance, the people had faith, “Allah Almighty is also under the bondage of Time and space, so we should turn our bodies towards that particular side”. They used to suppose such direction at their own, and after turning their faces to that side, they used to worship. In this matter, there was a dispute also among the Children of Israel and the Christians themselves. Each religious group had fixed a direction and they considered that such direction was better.

The Holy Qur’an refuted this false belief of theirs and commanded that Allah Almighty is neither limited in any enclosure of particular space of worship, nor He is imprisoned in any place or direction, but wherever He will be called with purity and sincerity He will be attentive. He does not belong particularly to any particular place, city or direction.

God Almighty likes neither only the East, and nor only the West but all the directions are of Him. He has already surrounded the entire Universe. He is unlimited. He exists everywhere. So by turning unto any place or side, He will be called with sincerity, He shall be attentive. He knows very well that who calls Him with the true heart and who calls Him only to show others.

One reason of the Revelation regarding this verse is narrated as it that; because it is difficult for the traveler and the rider to know the direction of the Temple of Makkah, so for that time, it has been commanded that turning on which direction you will worship, that will be accepted because God Almighty masterly exists in every direction and every place. Accordingly, this is the matter that; if you do not know the correct direction of the Temple of Makkah, you should offer prayer turning unto such side to which your heart witnesses. And if you are riding on any conveyance, and direction of conveyance changes, you should continue and complete your voluntary (Nafl) prayer.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/0DaKu3C2NGI

Tuesday, 28 March 2017

Those who desolate the Mosques - Quran Chapter 2- 114 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-140) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 114 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-140) - درس قرآن

Those who desolate the Mosques

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّن مَّنَعَ مَسَٰجِدَ ٱللَّهِ أَن يُذْكَرَ فِيهَا ٱسْمُهُۥ وَسَعَىٰ فِى خَرَابِهَآ أُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ مَا كَانَ لَهُمْ أَنيَدْخُلُوهَآ إِلَّا خَآئِفِينَ لَهُمْ فِى ٱلدُّنْيَا خِزْىٌ وَلَهُمْ فِى ٱلْءَاخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ (114)

114.  And who doth greater wrong than he who forbiddeth the approach to the mosques of Allah lest His name should be mentioned therein, and striveth for their ruin? As for such, it was never meant that they should enter them except in fear. Theirs in the world is ignominy and theirs in the Hereafter is an awful doom.
114.  Wa man  ‘azlamu mim-mam-mana-‘a masaajidAllaahi  ‘any-yuzkara fiihasmuHuu wa sa-‘aa fii kharaabihaa ‘Ulaaa-‘ika maa kaana lahum ‘any-yad-khuluuhaaa ‘illaa khaaa-‘i’fiin.  Lahum fid-dunyaa khiz-yunw-wa lahum fil-‘Aakhirati ‘azaabun ‘aziim.

Commentary

Masaajid – (Mosques) it is plural of Masjid which means the place, where, prayers are offered, place of worship for Muslims. The word Masjid has been derived from the word Sajdah which means ‘to bow the body and place the forehead on the ground (to fall prostration). As per sayings by one of the Scholars, it means the Inviolable Place of Worship, the temple of Makkah (Masjid-i-Haraam).

For clearness about revelation grace of this verse two happenings are narrated:

  • The Christians waged a war against the Children of Israel, burnt the Holy Scripture Torah and ruined the Temple and city of Jerusalem.

  • The Infidels of Makkah prevented the Muslims from visiting the House of Ka’-ba (the temple of Makkah) during sixth Hijra at the place of Hudaybiah only due to their envy.

The limit of religious envious and forming groups in the religion by the people of the Scripture had reached such stage that respect for places of worship concerning other groups had finished from their hearts. They did not hesitate to ruin these sacred places and used to prohibit the people of other groups from entering into their places of worship. Moreover, they all used to claim that they believe in One God.

The religious scholars told that as the places of worship are made habitable and populous with the prayers, so bad deeds and talks into them will be supposed as the destruction of the mosques. Besides this, all those things, which become cause of deficiency of the devout and ruin of the places of worship, enter in the order of this verse. Therefore, we should abstain from those things, due to which, gaiety of the mosques is lessened and the people stop to come in the mosques.

Allah Almighty has commanded that it is compulsory for them while they enter the mosque, that their hearts should tremble due to fear of God but as they don’t stop their depravities, so, they will get disgraced ignominy in this world and also will suffer awful Doom in the Day of Resurrection.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/WLZ7eG2VMzY

Monday, 27 March 2017

Forming different religious sects - Quran Chapter 2- 113 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-139) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 113 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-139) - درس قرآن

Forming different religious sects

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 وَقَالَتِ ٱلْيَهُودُ لَيْسَتِ ٱلنَّصَٰرَىٰ عَلَىٰ شَىْءٍ وَقَالَتِٱلنَّصَٰرَىٰ لَيْسَتِ ٱلْيَهُودُ عَلَىٰ شَىْءٍ وَهُمْ يَتْلُونَ ٱلْكِتَٰبَ كَذَٰلِكَ قَالَ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ مِثْلَ قَوْلِهِمْ فَٱللَّهُ يَحْكُمُ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَ ٱلْقِيَٰمَةِفِيمَا كَانُوا۟ فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ (113  
  
113.  And the Jews say the Christians follow nothing (true), and the Christians say the Jews follow nothing (true); yet both are readers of the Scripture. Even thus speak those who know not. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they differ.
113.  Wa  qaalatil-Yahuudu laysatin-Nasaaraa  ‘alaa shay’;  wa qaalatin-Nasaaraa  laysatil-Yahuudu ‘alaa shay-inw, wa hum yatluunal-Kitaab.   Kazaa-lika qaalal-laziina laa ya’-la-muuna misla  qawlihim.   FAllaahu Yahkumu  baynahum Yawmal-Qiyaamati fii-maa kaanuu fiihi yakhtalifuun.

Commentary

laa ya’-la-muuna – (who know not, illiterate, uneducated, ignorant) here ‘ilm  means “knowledge about Heavenly Books, and the persons, who do not have the knowledge, signify towards the Idolaters and followers of every that religion, which has no base on any Heavenly Scripture.

Baynahum – (between them) it aims “the two groups out of them: one is of the Believers and the other is of the Idolaters and Infidels.

The entire people of the Scripture are involved in forming religious groups instead of following the real teachings and truth, bestowed by Allah Almighty. Each group out of them claims that she is on the straight path and the other all groups have gone astray from the actual way, for instance; while the Children of Israel saw that the Christians call the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) as son of God Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH), then they began to say them Infidels. And when the Christians saw that the Children of Israel have become Disbelievers of the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him), they began to say them Infidels, although, these both groups recite the Scripture bestowed by God Almighty.

The same condition is of those people who have not any Heavenly Scripture but they have created themselves such faiths that they consider themselves on the straight path and other all the religious groups have gone astray from the right path. The Idolaters of the Arabia and other Infidels are included in these people.

The Holy Qur’an commanded that forming of the religious groups is totally useless. The real thing is to obey the Commands of Allah Almighty and to do good works. That person will be on the straight path, who acts upon these two principles. 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/89sGG3w9rNQ

Sunday, 26 March 2017

Who deserves Paradise? - Quran Chapter 2- 111 & 112 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-138) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 111 & 112 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-138) - درس قرآن

Who deserves Paradise?

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 وَقَالُوا۟ لَن يَدْخُلَ ٱلْجَنَّةَ إِلَّا مَن كَانَ هُودًا أَوْ نَصَٰرَىٰ تِلْكَ أَمَانِيُّهُمْ قُلْ هَاتُوا۟ بُرْهَٰنَكُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ صَٰدِقِينَ (111

  بَلَىٰ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ وَجْهَهُۥلِلَّهِ وَهُوَ مُحْسِنٌ فَلَهُۥٓ أَجْرُهُۥ عِندَ رَبِّهِۦ وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ (112 
  
111.  And they say: None entereth Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian. These are their own desires. Say: Bring your proof (of what ye state) if ye are truthful.  

112.     Nay, but whosoever  surrendereth his purpose to Allah while doing good, his reward is with his Lord; and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
111.   Wa qaaluu lany-yad-khu-lal-jannata  ’illaa man- kaana Huudan ‘aw Nasaaraa. Tilka ‘amaaniyyu-hum. Qul haatuu burhaanakum ‘in-kuntum saadiqiin. 

112.   Balaa man  ‘aslama wajha-huu Lillaahi wa huwa muhsinun falahuuu ‘ajruhuu  ‘inda Rabbih; wa laa khawfun  ‘alayhim wa laa hum yahzanuun.

Commentary

 ‘Amaaniyyu-hum: (their desires), it is plural of ‘Amniah which means desire.

wajha-huu: (his own face), literal meaning of wajhi is face or mouth, but often in the sentence, it aims body or an individual. Here it indicates towards these meanings.

The worst depravity of all the previous nations and ancient religious people is that they destroyed the truth; making separate groups between themselves, which in fact, was just one and was bestowed to all equally. Now, every group falsifies the other and just imagines itself only the heir of truth. The Children of Israel were involved in this depravity too and they thought that the truth is held only with them, only they will proceed to the Heaven. The Holy Qur’an commanded that these are their self made stories and false desires. They should produce if they have any proof.

Now Holy Qur’an has been revealed, so that, the entire groups may be gathered on this common truth. Piety is only in becoming sincere to Allah Almighty and doing good works. None of the groups can claim that she is true and other all are liars. God Almighty Commands that the individual, who will obey the Commands of Allah Almighty and will choose the path of goodness, he will succeed. Doing so, neither he will have any grief of his previous life, nor any fear of next happening. It is the sign of the Saints of God Almighty’s satisfaction (Servants of Allah Almighty).

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/XCGfutSd9ow