Quran Chapter 2- 105 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-133) - درس قرآن
Religious persecution by Infidels
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
مَّا يَوَدُّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ مِنْ أَهْلِ ٱلْكِتَٰبِ وَلَاٱلْمُشْرِكِينَ أَن يُنَزَّلَ عَلَيْكُم مِّنْ خَيْرٍ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَٱللَّهُ يَخْتَصُّ بِرَحْمَتِهِۦ مَن يَشَآءُ وَٱللَّهُ ذُو ٱلْفَضْلِ ٱلْعَظِيمِ (105
105. Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the Scripture nor the idolaters love that there should be sent down unto you any good thing from your Lord. And Allah chooseth for His mercy whom He will. And Allah is of Infinite Bounty.
105. Maa yawaddullaziina kafaruu min- ‘Ahlil-kitaabi wa lal-Mushrikiina ‘any-yunazzala ‘alaykum-min khayrim-mir-Rabbikum. Wallaahu yakh-tassu bi-rahmatiHii many-ya-shaaa’. Wallaahu Zul-Fazlil-‘aziim.
‘Allaziina kafaruu – (those who disbelieve, the Infidels), this word has been derived from kafara. Literal meaning of kafara is ‘to hide’. In the phraseology of Islam, disbeliever of Allah Almighty and His Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) is called Infidel.
‘Ahlil-kitaabi - (The people of the Scripture), this phrase has been used many times in the Holy Qur’an. ‘Ahlil-kitaab are those people, who have any revealed and heavenly Scripture. It is another class besides the Believers and the Infidels. The most famous out of them are the Children of Israel and the Christians, who have the Revealed Books (Torah and Gospel). Alas! These both classes went astray gradually from the teachings of these Scriptures.
‘Al-Mushrikiina – (the idolaters), this word has come out from the word shirk, which means partnership. The idolater is the individual, who settles partners either in the Oneness of God Almighty or in His Virtues or in His Power and Commands. And he makes His partner worshipped in spite of One God.
Allah Almighty has commanded in this verse that all Infidels, Idolaters and the people of the Scripture are filled with envy on the matter that why God Almighty bestows blessings and favors upon Muslims leaving them.
Then, He said that He chooses for His favors, whom He wishes. So, nobody should become jealous over any other. From which nations Prophet-hood had been snatched, that was not due to the avarice of God Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH) but this favor was forfeited from the Children of Israel due to their own acts.