Quran Chapter 2- 113 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-139) - درس قرآن
Forming different religious sects
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
وَقَالَتِ ٱلْيَهُودُ لَيْسَتِ ٱلنَّصَٰرَىٰ عَلَىٰ شَىْءٍ وَقَالَتِٱلنَّصَٰرَىٰ لَيْسَتِ ٱلْيَهُودُ عَلَىٰ شَىْءٍ وَهُمْ يَتْلُونَ ٱلْكِتَٰبَ كَذَٰلِكَ قَالَ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ مِثْلَ قَوْلِهِمْ فَٱللَّهُ يَحْكُمُ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَ ٱلْقِيَٰمَةِفِيمَا كَانُوا۟ فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ (113
113. And the Jews say the Christians follow nothing (true), and the Christians say the Jews follow nothing (true); yet both are readers of the Scripture. Even thus speak those who know not. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they differ.
113. Wa qaalatil-Yahuudu laysatin-Nasaaraa ‘alaa shay’; wa qaalatin-Nasaaraa laysatil-Yahuudu ‘alaa shay-inw, wa hum yatluunal-Kitaab. Kazaa-lika qaalal-laziina laa ya’-la-muuna misla qawlihim. FAllaahu Yahkumu baynahum Yawmal-Qiyaamati fii-maa kaanuu fiihi yakhtalifuun.
laa ya’-la-muuna – (who know not, illiterate, uneducated, ignorant) here ‘ilm means “knowledge about Heavenly Books, and the persons, who do not have the knowledge, signify towards the Idolaters and followers of every that religion, which has no base on any Heavenly Scripture.
Baynahum – (between them) it aims “the two groups out of them: one is of the Believers and the other is of the Idolaters and Infidels.
The entire people of the Scripture are involved in forming religious groups instead of following the real teachings and truth, bestowed by Allah Almighty. Each group out of them claims that she is on the straight path and the other all groups have gone astray from the actual way, for instance; while the Children of Israel saw that the Christians call the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) as son of God Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH), then they began to say them Infidels. And when the Christians saw that the Children of Israel have become Disbelievers of the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him), they began to say them Infidels, although, these both groups recite the Scripture bestowed by God Almighty.
The same condition is of those people who have not any Heavenly Scripture but they have created themselves such faiths that they consider themselves on the straight path and other all the religious groups have gone astray from the right path. The Idolaters of the
Arabia and other
Infidels are included in these people.
The Holy Qur’an commanded that forming of the religious groups is totally useless. The real thing is to obey the Commands of Allah Almighty and to do good works. That person will be on the straight path, who acts upon these two principles.