Quran Chapter 2- 114 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-140) - درس قرآن
Those who desolate the Mosques
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّن مَّنَعَ مَسَٰجِدَ ٱللَّهِ أَن يُذْكَرَ فِيهَا ٱسْمُهُۥ وَسَعَىٰ فِى خَرَابِهَآ أُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ مَا كَانَ لَهُمْ أَنيَدْخُلُوهَآ إِلَّا خَآئِفِينَ لَهُمْ فِى ٱلدُّنْيَا خِزْىٌ وَلَهُمْ فِى ٱلْءَاخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ (114)
114. And who doth greater wrong than he who forbiddeth the approach to the mosques of Allah lest His name should be mentioned therein, and striveth for their ruin? As for such, it was never meant that they should enter them except in fear. Theirs in the world is ignominy and theirs in the Hereafter is an awful doom.
114. Wa man ‘azlamu mim-mam-mana-‘a masaajidAllaahi ‘any-yuzkara fiihasmuHuu wa sa-‘aa fii kharaabihaa ‘Ulaaa-‘ika maa kaana lahum ‘any-yad-khuluuhaaa ‘illaa khaaa-‘i’fiin. Lahum fid-dunyaa khiz-yunw-wa lahum fil-‘Aakhirati ‘azaabun ‘aziim.
Masaajid – (Mosques) it is plural of Masjid which means the place, where, prayers are offered, place of worship for Muslims. The word Masjid has been derived from the word Sajdah which means ‘to bow the body and place the forehead on the ground (to fall prostration). As per sayings by one of the Scholars, it means the
Inviolable Place of Worship,
the (Masjid-i-Haraam). temple of Makkah
For clearness about revelation grace of this verse two happenings are narrated:
Christians waged a war against the Children of Israel, burnt the Holy
Scripture Torah and ruined the
and city of Temple . Jerusalem
Infidels of Makkah prevented the Muslims from
visiting the House of Ka’-ba (the
) during sixth Hijra at the place of Hudaybiah only due to their envy. templeof Makkah
The limit of religious envious and forming groups in the religion by the people of the Scripture had reached such stage that respect for places of worship concerning other groups had finished from their hearts. They did not hesitate to ruin these sacred places and used to prohibit the people of other groups from entering into their places of worship. Moreover, they all used to claim that they believe in One God.
The religious scholars told that as the places of worship are made habitable and populous with the prayers, so bad deeds and talks into them will be supposed as the destruction of the mosques. Besides this, all those things, which become cause of deficiency of the devout and ruin of the places of worship, enter in the order of this verse. Therefore, we should abstain from those things, due to which, gaiety of the mosques is lessened and the people stop to come in the mosques.
Allah Almighty has commanded that it is compulsory for them while they enter the mosque, that their hearts should tremble due to fear of God but as they don’t stop their depravities, so, they will get disgraced ignominy in this world and also will suffer awful Doom in the Day of Resurrection.