Quran Chapter 2- 124a (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-149) - درس قرآن
Leadership of Abraham (peace be upon him)
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
وَإِذِ ٱبْتَلَىٰٓ إِبْرَٰهِۦمَ رَبُّهُۥ بِكَلِمَٰتٍ فَأَتَمَّهُنَّ قَالَ إِنِّى جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَامًا (124 .a
124a. And (remember) when his Lord tried Abraham with (His) commands, and he fulfilled them. He said: Lo! I have appointed thee a leader for mankind. (Abraham) said: And of my offspring (will there be leaders)? He said: My covenant includeth not wrongdoers.
124a. Wa ‘izibtalaaa ‘Ibraahii-ma Rabbuhuu bi-Kalimaatin, fa- ‘atammahunn. Qaala ‘Innii jaa- ‘iluka lin-naasi ‘Imaamaa. Qaala wa min-zurriyyatii. Qaala laa yanaalu ‘abdiz-zaa-limiin.
‘Ibraahii-ma: (Abraham) every person knows about the name of this great respectable Prophet (blessing on Him). He was most glorious grandfather of our Prophet, the Last Messenger of God Almighty, Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). His native land was
and His father’s name was Aazar. Out of His
Children; two races were grown, one from the Children of Prophet Isaac
(blessing on Him) and the other from the Children of Prophet Ishmael (blessing
on Him). The Prophets from the first lineage are called Israeli Prophets
(blessing on Them), for example Prophet Solomon, Prophet David, Prophet Moses
and Prophet Jesus Christ (blessings on all of them) etc. From the second lineage
(Ishmaeli), there was only one; our Prophet Muhammad (glory, grace,
blessings and peace be upon Him). Babel
Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is called the grandfather of the Prophets (blessings on Them). Besides the Muslims, all others, like the Children of Israel and the Christians respect Him also.
‘Izibtalaaa: (when tried/examined), this word has been derived from Baliihi. Its meanings are calamity, testing and trouble. Allah Almighty examined this Prophet of Him (blessing on Him) with many tests. For example, Sculptor and Idolater father threatened to drive Him out from his house, His nation frightened to banish from the Country and the King put Him into fire but He didn’t refrain from Islam and remained steadfast on the right path. Then God Almighty commanded that He should leave His wife and child in the forest and sacrifice His child also. He obeyed all these orders too. Besides these trials, He (blessing on Him) was tried by some more tests and He succeeded in all.
‘Imaama: (a leader, a spiritual guide), this leadership of Prophet Abraham (blessing on Him) was not only for spiritual and religious guidance but Allah Almighty blessed Him with betterment in politics also. He (peace be upon Him) became a real leader and priest in His times. The People accepted His leadership.