Quran Chapter 2- 129 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-155) - درس قرآن
Four Characteristics of Muhammad (peace be upon Him)
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
رَبَّنَا وَٱبْعَثْ فِيهِمْ رَسُولًا مِّنْهُمْ يَتْلُوا۟ عَلَيْهِمْ ءَايَٰتِكَ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ ٱلْكِتَٰبَ وَٱلْحِكْمَةَوَيُزَكِّيهِمْ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلْعَزِيزُ ٱلْحَكِيمُ (129
129. Our Lord! And raise up in their midst a Messenger from among them who shall recite unto them Thy Revelations, and shall instruct them in the Scripture and in Wisdom and shall make them grow. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Mighty, Wise.
129. Rabbanaa wab-‘as fiihim Rasuulam-minhum yatluu ‘alayhim ‘AayaatiKa wa yu-‘allimuhumul- Kitaaba wal-Hikmata wa yuzakkiihim ‘InnaKa ‘Antal-‘Aziizul-Hakiim.
Minhum – (from among them), the Prophets Abraham and Ishmael (peace be upon Them) are praying collectively, “O our Lord! Produce a Submissive group/class out of the race from both of us and raise up also a Messenger from among them. It is evident clearly that it signifies towards the race out of the Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him). God Almighty accepted their supplication and the Last Messenger of God Almighty, Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was born from the Children of Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him).
Yatluu ‘alayhim ‘AayaatiKa – (He shall recite unto them Thy Revelations). The first work of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is recitation of the verses of Holy Qur’an in front of His nation. That is to say; ‘to convey and teach the Word of Allah Almighty. As though, His first status/position is “the Greatest Preacher”.
Yu-‘allimuhumul- Kitaaba – (He shall instruct them in the Scripture, teach them The Book) the work of Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) does not end only on preaching and conveying, It is His duty too to teach the Holy Book of God Almighty after preaching and conveying. As it were, His second status/position is the Greatest Teacher.
Al-Hikmata – (Knowledge, talks of Wisdom), Third work of the Prophet of God Almighty is to teach wisdom and philosophy, to cause to know the Commands and matters relating Holy Qur’an, to teach etiquettes, to tell the solution of various and complicated matters regarding the life in Its light as though; His third status is the greatest religious and spiritual Guide.
Yuzakkiihim – (He shall make them grow, shall purify them) Tazkiah means the purification of the hearts. Fourth work of the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is to produce chastity of morality and sincerity of intentions with His company and training. That is to say, He is the greatest Antidote and Reformer.
The Prophet Abraham and His son Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Them) used to pray from Allah Almighty during the construction of the House of Allah, “O Our Lord! Produce a Submissive nation from our race, raise up a Messenger from among them, He would have four characteristics:
He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) would recite, teach and admonish the Book of Allah to the people, and by means of It; purify their hearts. That is to say, He would be Preacher, Teacher, religious and spiritual Guide, and Reformer”. These entire characteristics were fulfilled into the Last Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).