Thursday, 8 June 2017

Life in retaliation - Quran Chapter 2- 179 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-209) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 179 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-209) - درس قرآن

Life in retaliation

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 وَلَكُمْ فِى ٱلْقِصَاصِ حَيَوٰةٌ يَٰٓأُو۟لِى ٱلْأَلْبَٰبِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ (179

179.  And there is life for you in retaliation, O men of understanding, that ye may ward off (evil).
179.  Wa  lakum  fil-Qisaasi  Ha-yaatuny-yaaa-‘ulil-‘albaabi  la-‘allakum  tattaquun.

Commentary 

Apparently it seems that punishment to kill the murderer as retaliation of murder is much heavy and strict, and it is thought that due to punishing the killer, another life is destroyed intentionally. But if it is checked deeply for a few minutes about this command’s advisability and philosophy then this reality will be cleared that, with it, another life is not ruined but the life is gotten.

For example; if the punishment of any murder is not fixed a murder as retaliation then resultant, there will be no value of human life. The cruel will slaughter fearless and without hesitation. Because they will know that they will be free after paying some penalty or bearing some imprisonment. Likewise the human life will become much cheaper as it was in the Arab practically during the time of ignorance.

If the punishment of a murder isn’t a murder, every rich person will kill others upon ordinary matters also and by paying the penalty, he could get himself free. But if, according to the Islamic way, the punishment of murder is prescribed as murder, it means that the lives of all human beings are given equal respect. If value of any life is determined as the life of murderer then number of murders will become very less, because they will know that if anyone is killed by them, they won’t be able to get free by paying the penalty. And he will be sentenced for the murder. In these situations the incidents of killing will stop and the people will find themselves safe. Though, if the punishment of murder is not killing, the lives of the people will be destroyed but while the punishment of killing is killing, the lives of people are safe. This is  fil-Qisaasi  Ha-yaatun (there is life in the retaliation).

The Law of murder in retaliation is the law of justice and equality. It is the best guarantor of discipline, truth and moderateness in all aspects of human life, so that, none may tyrannize any other and the rights of weak and strong become equal. When this law will be followed for some times, its soul will grow in the whole nation and the constitutionalism will become important part of life for mutual national peace.

Islam has fixed, apparently, severe punishments for the crimes but looking carefully, in fact, those crimes deserve even more severe punishments. Less punishment will be cause to make the crime minor. Secondly purpose to punish severely is to stop the crimes, not to make the punishment only a funny and enjoyable thing. Nowadays this very is happening that the punished criminals use to commit more crimes. Neither they are corrected, nor do others take it as warning.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/BhkbbJ_9dDE

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