Tuesday, 18 July 2017

The Months of Dignity - Quran Chapter 2- 194a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-237) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 194a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-237) - درس قرآن

The Months of Dignity

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

194. ٱلشَّهْرُ ٱلْحَرَامُ بِٱلشَّهْرِ ٱلْحَرَامِ وَٱلْحُرُمَٰتُ قِصَاصٌ ۚ فَمَنِ ٱعْتَدَىٰ عَلَيْكُمْ فَٱعْتَدُوا۟ عَلَيْهِ بِمِثْلِ مَا ٱعْتَدَىٰ عَلَيْكُمْ ۚ وَٱتَّقُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَٱعْلَمُوٓا۟ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَعَ ٱلْمُتَّقِينَ

194a.  The forbidden month for the forbidden month, and forbidden things in retaliation. And one who attacketh you, attack him in like manner as he attacked you.
194a.  ‘Ash-Shahrul-Haraamu  bish-Shahril-Haraami  wal-hurumaatu  qisaas.  Famani’-tadaa  ‘alaykum  fa’-taduu ‘alayhi  bi-misli  ma’-tadaa ‘alaykum.

Commentary

 ‘Ash-Shahrul-Haraamu – (The forbidden month), during the times of ignorance, different tribes of the Arab used to continue fighting always; but they had settled this matter that the war would be stopped during the following four months and this period would be passed with peace and truce. According to them, these four months were very sacred and reverent. These four months are:

Muharram    - first month of lunar calendar

Rajjab            - seventh month of lunar calendar

Zii-Qa’dah     - eleventh month of lunar calendar

Zul-Hajjah    - twelfth month of lunar calendar

Occasion of this verse’s revelation (Shaani Nazuul) and its historical background has been described that the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) proceeded to Makkah for the purpose of pilgrimage (Umrah) with His some Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) in the month of Zii-Qa’dah seventh Hijrah calendar (AH). But the Idolaters of Makkah became ready to fight against them. Rather, they began archery and stoning. Even they didn’t care for the forbidden and sacred month. This verse indicates toward such month.

God Almighty commands that dignity and respect of any month can be till the time if the other party respects and honors it also. If it is not so, then there is no base of any forbidden month. If the opposite party doesn’t refrain from war even during the forbidden month, then you should assault against them also in like manner as they attacked upon you. If they have not respected either the forbidden month or the forbidden place, or the Muslims have made a vow of Pilgrimage (‘Ih-raam), even then you should be ready and pick up your weapons.

Afterwards, it has been proclaimed that if they have oppressed you instead of caring for all forbidden matters, then you should respond them also in the same way. Here the word a’-tadaa (attack him) has come because it is the usage in the Arabic language that which action requires punishment, the same word will be used for its punishment. That is to say; ‘punish in response and slaughter them’. It does never aim that ‘you should oppress them also’.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/iw2DaCEYeCY