Friday, 21 July 2017

The Pilgrimage - Quran Chapter 2- 196a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-241) - درس قرآن

Quran Chapter 2- 196a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-241) - درس قرآن

The Pilgrimage

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)


(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

(196a) وَأَتِمُّوا۟ ٱلْحَجَّ

196a.  And perform the Pilgrimage
196a.  Wa  ‘atimmul-Hajja


 ‘Al-Hajja – it is the fifth pillar of Islam. It is duty of every such individual to perform the Pilgrimage once in the life; who is able to do it. Otherwise he/she will be the sinner. The Pilgrimage is performed on Ninth Zul-Hajjah (the last month) of Islamic/lunar Calendar year. At first, the entire Muslims gather in Makkah city to visit the Inviolable Place of Worship (the Squire Building), then unite in the Arafat Field.

The matters relating to the Fighting and Striving have been discussed before the commands regarding Pilgrimage and after the verses of the Pilgrimage in this Surah. It has been revealed clearly that ‘how much deep relation have these both matters with each other’. There is none Pillar of Islam in which the aim of the National Social Welfare, Improvement and Prosperity, and Exaltation has not been mentioned in addition to Personal Goodness and Purity.

Especial thing, which belongs to the Pilgrimage, is that all Muslims from the entire world unite once a year in the Centre of Islam. There is no difference among ups and downs. Black and White, Rich and Poor, King and Beggar, Scholar and Uneducated, Young and Old, they all stand at the same place bringing together their shoulders with shoulders and saying with one tone the same words, 

“Lab-baika  ‘Allaahumma  Lab-baika  Lab-baika  Laa  Shariika  laka Lab-baika  ‘Innal  Hamda  wan-na’-mata  Laka  wal-Mulk  Laa Shariika lak”  

(I am present, O Allah! I am present, I am present – there is no partner of Thee, I am present. Lo! Praise and Blessing is of Thee, and Sovereignty, there is no co-sharer of Thee).

Every Pilgrim makes a vow of Pilgrimage (preparatory to entrance into Makkah). It (Ihram) contains two un-sewn (cotton) sheets – for each Pilgrim. This, the same kind of dress shows equality, simplicity, friendship and Love for God Almighty. During the Pilgrimage, getting shaved the head, cutting the nails, hunting and intercourse with one’s wife are prohibited. As though, the object to abstain from own wishes, physical elegance and dressing is to get a permanent training. 

The entire Pilgrims unite at the stipulated time in the Arafat Field on the day of Pilgrimage, listen to the Speech (Address of the Pilgrimage), Pray in the court of God Almighty, get forgiven their sins and collect treasures of the Mercy and Kindness of Allah Almighty.

Then they sacrifice the cattle in Minaa’,  throw pebbles at Jamaraat, go round the Holy Shrine (the Inviolable Place of Worship – BaytUllaah), Kiss the Black Stone (Hajri- Aswad), quench the thirst with Aabi Zamzam (the water of a sacred well in the boundary of Masjidil Haraam), perform the Endeavour (Sa-‘ii) between Safaa’ and Marwah (hills), stop all kinds of evildoing, sins and ill-manners, as though; after getting forgiven their sins, they are going to start their lives’ accounts from the beginning today.  

Fortunate are those people who are bestowed with the chance of Pilgrimage and they performed it, understood its objects and passed their remaining lives with goodness and chastity.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).