Thursday, 24 August 2017

Warfare in sacred months - Quran Chapter 2- 217a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-273) - درس قرآن

Quran Chapter 2- 217a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-273) - درس قرآن

Warfare in sacred months

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)


(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

217. يَسْـَٔلُونَكَ عَنِ ٱلشَّهْرِ ٱلْحَرَامِ قِتَالٍ فِيهِ ۖ قُلْ قِتَالٌ فِيهِ كَبِيرٌ ۖ وَصَدٌّ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ وَكُفْرٌۢ بِهِۦ وَٱلْمَسْجِدِ ٱلْحَرَامِ وَإِخْرَاجُ أَهْلِهِۦ مِنْهُ أَكْبَرُ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ ۚ وَٱلْفِتْنَةُ أَكْبَرُ مِنَ ٱلْقَتْلِ ۗ وَلَا يَزَالُونَ يُقَٰتِلُونَكُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَرُدُّوكُمْ عَن دِينِكُمْ إِنِ ٱسْتَطَٰعُوا۟ ۚ وَمَن يَرْتَدِدْ مِنكُمْ عَن دِينِهِۦ فَيَمُتْ وَهُوَ كَافِرٌ فَأُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ حَبِطَتْ أَعْمَٰلُهُمْ فِى ٱلدُّنْيَا وَٱلْءَاخِرَةِ ۖ وَأُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ أَصْحَٰبُ ٱلنَّارِ ۖ هُمْ فِيهَا خَٰلِدُونَ
217a.  They question thee (O Muhammad) with regard to warfare in the sacred months. Say: Warfare therein is a great (transgression).
217a.  Yas-‘aluunaka ‘anish- Shahril-Haraami qitaalin-fiih. Qul qitaalun-fiihi kabiir.


 ‘Ash-Shahrul-Haraamu – (the sacred month), Lunar calendar has four sacred months; Muharram, Rajab, Zi Qa'dah and Zil-Hajjah. These months were considered very blessed and pure by the Arabs. While killing, devastation and militancy were their occupation, but they used to stop every kind of warfare during these four months. Here; the month of Rajab indicates particularly towards ‘ash- Shahrul-Haraamu.

Cause of revelation of this verse is that in the 2nd Hijrah, once during a journey, a warfare took place among some Companions (may God be pleased with them) of the Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and the Idolaters. One Idolater was killed in the war. According to these companions, this warfare was fought on 30th of the month of Jamadi-us-saani which wasn’t a sacred month, but after that, it was known that the moon of Jamadi-us-saani had become of 29 days, and on which day; the warfare was fought, that was 1st of Rajab which was a sacred month.

To this error which happened unknowingly, the Infidels and Idolaters spread this news publicly and began taunting, “Behold! Now the Muslims don’t respect these months. They have begun warfare also in the month of Rajab.” Due to this reason, those Companions approached the court of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and asked: It happened unintentionally. What we have to do now? Then this verse was revealed and the Muslims were told that the warfare is a worse thing during the sacred months but it is then; when the error is committed intentionally and having the knowledge of the sacred months; the warfare is fought. And this battle which the Muslims fought wasn’t fought intentionally but it was their misunderstanding.
The Scholars agree to this matter that even now; whenever the Infidels will begin fighting in the sacred months, the Muslims can fight counter and defensive war to save themselves; can react on their assault because the human lives are more sacred than the sanctity of these months. It is more necessary to save them. Although, fighting in these sacred months is worse but the worst things are those which are committed by the Infidels. For example, they don’t believe in Allah Almighty, worship more gods instead of the One, do not believe in the Last Day (the Day of Resurrection), spread the sedition and quarrelsome, and exile the people from their houses, because these things are more worse and horrible than the warfare. The Infidels don’t think on their wicked deeds themselves. They began taunting the Muslims upon a little unknowingly error.

These matters have been described in the next part of this verse which will be explained in the next lesson. The Infidels and idolaters don’t see their own behavior but puzzle the Muslims. They have been taunting due to an unintentional error.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).