Quran Chapter 2-102b (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-129) - درس قرآن
Harut and Marut
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
102b. and that which was revealed to the two angels in
102b. wa maaa ‘unzila ‘alal-malakayni bi-Baabila Haaruuta wa Maaruut.
‘Al-malakayni - (two Angels) God Almighty sent two Angels in
to prevent the
people from using the magic and witchcraft. Their names were Harut and Marut.
These Angels had to live among the human beings. So their faces, bodies,
colors, habits and emotions were like the humankind. Babel
Baabil – (
), it is old name of
Iraq Arab. Name of the Capital of that country was Babel also. This city was
Babel 60 Miles away from present
city towards south
on the river bank of Frat. It was a big, developed and most fortunate city. Its
agricultural area was irrigated by two famous rivers (Dajla and Frat). This country was famous;
particularly; due to magic, black magic, witchcraft and other
infernal practices also. Baghdad
The Jews used to follow the knowledge of magic, which was in use of the wicked and miscreant people during the time of Prophet Solomon (peace be upon him). Secondly, they used to follow also that knowledge which was given to two Angels (Harut and Marut) in the
knowledge was given to those Angels only for the purpose that they should
correct the conditions of the people and cause to know them about bad effects
of this knowledge, but the Jews used to learn and teach it for reaping evil
‘As-sihr – (magic), ‘as-sihr is also used for deception in Arabic language. It means that a thing with which the vision of the human being may be deceived. In it, reality differs from the evident. Among magic and Miracle, there is a great difference besides other things, that in the miracle, the condition is changed, but with the magic, the reality does not change. Only the vision is deceived. The Jews used to learn and teach this knowledge for obtaining worldly bad advantages.
According to the Islamic Law, the magic is unlawful. Reason is clear that the Magicians use the sentences of infidelity, adopt unlawful methods and bring the magic in use for good and bad acts. How a Prophet and Angel of Allah Almighty (peace be upon Them) can do the works like this?