Harut and Marut - Quran Chapter 2-102b (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-129) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2-102b (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-129) - درس قرآن

Harut and Marut

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

102b.  and that which was revealed to the two angels in Babel, Harut and Marut.
  102b.  wa maaa ‘unzila  ‘alal-malakayni  bi-Baabila Haaruuta  wa  Maaruut.

Commentary

 ‘Al-malakayni -  (two Angels) God Almighty sent two Angels in Babel to prevent the people from using the magic and witchcraft. Their names were Harut and Marut. These Angels had to live among the human beings. So their faces, bodies, colors, habits and emotions were like the humankind.

Baabil – (Babel), it is old name of Iraq Arab. Name of the Capital of that country was Babel also. This city was 60 Miles away from present city Baghdad towards south on the river bank of Frat. It was a big, developed and most fortunate city. Its agricultural area was irrigated by two famous rivers (Dajla and Frat). This country was famous; particularly; due to magic, black magic, witchcraft and other infernal practices also.

The Jews used to follow the knowledge of magic, which was in use of the wicked and miscreant people during the time of Prophet Solomon (peace be upon him). Secondly, they used to follow also that knowledge which was given to two Angels (Harut and Marut) in the Babel country. This knowledge was given to those Angels only for the purpose that they should correct the conditions of the people and cause to know them about bad effects of this knowledge, but the Jews used to learn and teach it for reaping evil advantages. 

‘As-sihr – (magic), ‘as-sihr is also used for deception in Arabic language. It means that a thing with which the vision of the human being may be deceived. In it, reality differs from the evident. Among magic and Miracle, there is a great difference besides other things, that in the miracle, the condition is changed, but with the magic, the reality does not change. Only the vision is deceived. The Jews used to learn and teach this knowledge for obtaining worldly bad advantages.

According to the Islamic Law, the magic is unlawful. Reason is clear that the Magicians use the sentences of infidelity, adopt unlawful methods and bring the magic in use for good and bad acts. How a Prophet and Angel of Allah Almighty (peace be upon Them) can do the works like this?

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/tj6l_5rrwN0

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