Saturday, 27 May 2017

Forms of driven by necessity - Quran Chapter 2- 173b (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-198) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 173b (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-198) - درس قرآن

Forms of driven by necessity

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 فَمَنِ ٱضْطُرَّ غَيْرَ بَاغٍ وَلَا عَادٍ فَلَآ إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌرَّحِيمٌ (173  b)      

173b.  But he who is driven by necessity, neither craving nor transgressing, it is no sin for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
173b.  Fa-maniz-turra  gayra  baaginw-wa  laa  ‘aadin- falaaa  ‘isma  ‘alayh.  ‘InnAllaaha  Gafuurur-Rahiim.li-gayRillaah.

Commentary

‘Az-turra – (who is driven by necessity), the word ‘iz-ta-raarun is its origin. Zaruu-rat has come out from it also. Zaruu-rat means necessity. It signifies that if it becomes compulsory for the human being and it will not be possible for him to remain alive; then under such necessity, he is allowed to eat unlawful/forbidden food at the very least quantity of which is permissible only, so that he may live. For instance; either food is not attainable and there is nothing except forbidden thing or due to poverty, lawful food cannot be obtained or the use of forbidden thing is necessary for any disease on the advice of a skillful doctor. In such conditions, the forbidden things are permitted to be used in as minimum quantity as it is necessary to save one’s life.

Gayra  baagin – ( not to disobey, not to crave, to execute the command), gayra  baagin  means that the individual, who eats the forbidden food, his intention or will should not be to crave or break the law. He wishes to save his life only because to save the life is also His (God Almighty) commandment.

Laa  ‘aadin – (not to transgress), that is to say; the individual should not be deviator, sinner of crossing the limitations of Divine. If he has to eat under compulsion form, he should not take much, but eat only that quantity with which he may save his life. 

Gafuur – (Forgiving), that is to say; so much Forgiver and Merciful that sometimes He doesn’t punish on our sins, moreover, the sins are not considered as sins by Him (God Almighty, for example when we use the forbidden thing in any such condition of compulsion; He doesn’t bind and does not punish us.

Allah Almighty has prescribed lawful in some cases to the forbidden things due to His excellent Mercy and kindness. But there is a condition for it that the human being has been compelled due to any reason as it would have become impossible for saving his life, and secondly; he should not use the forbidden item to get taste but only too less quantity that he may save his life only because saving the life is incumbent.

In the condition of compulsion, not eating these things is a sin also because saving the life is first duty. Like these situations, it is equal to suicide and it is clear that the act of suicide is forbidden.

We should refrain from the forbidden things wholly and whenever, it becomes necessary for us to use them; then we should keep the intention good and use at the very least quantity.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/wDECVEHQ20s

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