Tuesday, 4 July 2017

Timings of a Fast - Quran Chapter 2- 187c (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-225) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 187c (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-225) - درس قرآن

Timings of a Fast

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

وَكُلُوا۟ وَٱشْرَبُوا۟ حَتَّىٰ يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكُمُ ٱلْخَيْطُ ٱلْأَبْيَضُ مِنَ ٱلْخَيْطِ ٱلْأَسْوَدِ مِنَ ٱلْفَجْرِ ثُمَّ أَتِمُّوا۟ٱلصِّيَامَ إِلَى ٱلَّيْلِ 187  c)

187c.  And eat and drink until the white thread becometh distinct to you from the black thread of the dawn. Then strictly observe the fast till nightfall.
187c.  Wa  kuluu  wash-rabuu  hattaa  yata-bayyana  lakumul-khaytul-‘abyazu  minal-khaytil-‘aswadi  minal-Fajr.  Summa  ‘atimmus-Siyaama  ‘ilal-layl.

Commentary

Al-Fajr – (the dawn) it does not mean the false dawn but that is the light of early in the morning which can be seen some time later than just before daybreak, while the light begins to spread towards east and the west, that is called ‘dawn of the day’. Till that time food may be taken for fasting. Taking meals has been much appreciated in the Sayings of Messenger (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) during the last time. The Messenger of Allah Almighty (peace be upon Him) commanded that Bilaal (May Allah be pleased on him) calls very early (during false dawn) for preparing the people for prayer, so don’t stop eating on his call (Azaan) or looking only light in the north and south. Moreover consider reliable spreading of the light.

Once Omar (May Allah be pleased on him) instructed that care to eat and drink at the time of fasting is necessary when morning light becomes clear on the paths and peaks of the hills.

‘Al-layl – (the nightfall), night in Arabia begins immediately at the end of the day and sunset, so the next date of Islamic Calendar begins immediately after the sunset. On the contrary, the date of solar year is changed after passing the midnight‘ilal-layl (till nightfall) means “break the fast as soon as the night enters”. It does not mean to keep the fast till spreading the darkness of the night.  

Before this commandment, the Muslims used to sleep after breaking the fast. Then they did not use to eat anything till next evening. They have been permitted to eat, drink and sleep with their wives after breaking the fast till the light of early in the morning.

It is another concession and facility which was bestowed afterward that it is permitted to eat and drink till the time the white thread becomes distinct from the black thread of the dawn and then the fast will be observed the entire day after finishing the time of taking meals for fasting till the sun sets and the darkness begins to spread.

It is found also from this commandment that without taking meals for a fast and breaking it continuously is odious. Islam teaches us the path of temperance, does not like severity and strictness. So we should follow the manner which has been established by Allah strictly and which concessions have been given; we should reap advantage from them.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/rTOXxFGg0qI

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