The law of retaliation - Quran Chapter 2- 178a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-207) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 178a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-207) - درس قرآن

The law of retaliation

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

  يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُٱلْقِصَاصُ فِى ٱلْقَتْلَى ٱلْحُرُّ بِٱلْحُرِّ وَٱلْعَبْدُ بِٱلْعَبْدِ وَٱلْأُنثَىٰ بِٱلْأُنثَىٰ (178a)

178a.  O ye who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of the murdered; the freeman for the freeman, and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female.
178a.  Yaaa-‘ayyuhallaziina  ‘aa-  manuu kutiba  ‘alaykumul-Qisaasu  fil-qatlaa.  ‘Al-hurru  bil-hurri  wal-‘abdu  bil-‘abdi  wal-‘unsaa  bil-‘unsaa.

Commentary

Qatlaa – (the murdered person), particularly that individual, who is killed intentionally and purposely by someone.

Qisaasun – (Retaliation) that is to say, for taking the revenge against any crime keeping it in equality/balance. According to the Divine’s Law, technically the murderer will be killed or if anybody has injured to some other person, he will be punished with the wound at the same scale and the same part of the body.

Kutiba  ‘alaykum – (prescribed for you) the literal meaning of the word kutiba is ‘written’. Due to use of the word ‘alaa with it, now it means ‘prescribed’ and ‘obliged to do under regulations’.

During the times of darkness before Islam, it was a custom in the Arabians that if any person from any higher family was killed, they used to kill many persons from the family of murderer. If any slave was killed from the higher family, they used to kill any freeman from the family of killer whether the killer would also be a slave because they considered that the respect of higher family’s slave was equal to the freeman of a lower family; also it was more than that. So instead of killing the slave, any freeman was killed as revenge. Then if any female was killed from the higher family by a female from the lower family, the heirs of the murdered female used to kill any male of that lower family leaving the murderer female. Because they used to think that their female was equal to the male of lower family.

Holy Qur’an finished this racial distinction and difference, and commanded that being humankind, entire people are equal, their lives are alike, whether any individual is rich or poor, noble or mean, scholar or illiterate, young or old, healthy or ailing, male or female. If any female kills any male then only that woman should be killed. Because her life is equal to that male’s life. If any slave is the killer then only he will be killed. If any mean person has murdered then in the retaliation that mean person will be killed only, not any other individual.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/SAGw2JGOaVQ