Thursday, 31 August 2017

A measure of financial sacrifices - Quran Chapter 2- 219c (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-280) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 219c (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-280) - درس قرآن

A measure of financial sacrifices

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

219. يَسْـَٔلُونَكَ عَنِ ٱلْخَمْرِ وَٱلْمَيْسِرِ ۖ قُلْ فِيهِمَآ إِثْمٌ كَبِيرٌ وَمَنَٰفِعُ لِلنَّاسِ وَإِثْمُهُمَآ أَكْبَرُ مِن نَّفْعِهِمَا ۗ وَيَسْـَٔلُونَكَ مَاذَا يُنفِقُونَ قُلِ ٱلْعَفْوَ ۗ كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمُ ٱلْءَايَٰتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَفَكَّرُونَ
 
219c.  And they ask thee what they ought to spend. Say: that which is superfluous.
219c.  Wa  yas- ‘aluunaka  maa-zaa  yunfiquun.  Qulil- ‘afw.

Commentary 

‘Al- ‘afw - (which is superfluous, surplus), more than that which is needful. It means, “Spend from that which is remainder, residue and savings after your lawful and necessary requisites”.

In this verse, God Almighty has commanded about the best principle for establishing the human society on financially strong foundations. Many nations have tried to achieve this purpose but in vain. It can be achieved only after acting upon this rule, that is to say; the system in which every body may earn for his daily necessary requirements. The nation may get rid of reproach of the poorness and unemployment, may be saved from starving. Due to poverty; nobody may be compelled to suicide, prostitute, deny the good conduct and decay of humanity.

To acquire this object, Allah Almighty has given this rule that every individual should earn legally and lawfully, meet his needs out of it and spend his superfluous after lawful necessities on the needy people.

The remedy of the entire badness exists in this Command, which is being faced by the human society at this time, for example we see that value of the human labor has been lessened nowadays. Complete remuneration is not being paid as retaliation of the physical and mental endeavors. The capital has taken place of the human labor. So, the society has been distributed in two different groups. One group is the richest which is very few in numbers and the other is very poor which exists in majority. On one side; there is luxury, idleness and power of influence, whereas on the other side, there is poorness, hard labor and helplessness. The rich are filling their pockets with the blood of the poor and the poor are being trampled under their feet. Uneasiness and despair has grown in the public due to this system. 

The western nations thought many solutions for it but could not found the solution. The one and the best solution of it is that, which has been proposed by the Holy Qur’an. That is to say; every rich person should keep with him only which may fulfill his lawful necessities and the remaining should be distributed in the deserving people.

It is revealed that neither the money will be gathered in a few hands due to acting upon this command, nor poverty will increase. Moreover, the individual, who works hard, will never die of starving. This is the way of correction of the financial ruins and poverty which exists with none save Islam.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/qj7xCQxdLYM

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