Quran Chapter 2- 125b (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-152) - درس قرآن
Laws of Hajj (Pilgrimage)
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
وَعَهِدْنَآ إِلَىٰٓ إِبْرَٰهِۦمَ وَإِسْمَٰعِيلَ أَن طَهِّرَا بَيْتِىَ لِلطَّآئِفِينَوَٱلْعَٰكِفِينَ وَٱلرُّكَّعِ ٱلسُّجُودِ (125 .b
125b. And We imposed a duty upon Abraham and Ishmael, (saying): Purify My House for those who go around and those who meditate therein and those who bow down and prostrate themselves (in worship).
125b. Wa ‘ahidNaa ‘ilaaa ‘Ibraa-hiima wa ‘Ismaa-iila ‘an- tahhiraa Baytiya littaaa-‘ifiina wal-‘aa-kifiina war-rukka-is-sujuud.
‘AhidNaa – (We imposed a duty), this word has been derived from ‘a-ha-da, which means promise, admission. But here, it has been used for ‘amirNaa (We ordered).
‘Ismaa-iila – (Ishmael), He (peace be upon him) was elder son of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him). He had twelve sons and from them; twelve races were grown. The famous tribe of Arab “Quraish” is from His (peace be upon Him) lineage. He is one of the Forefathers of the Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). Duty for building the House of Allah was imposed upon Him and His father Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Them).
Tahhiraa – (Purify), this word has been made from Tahaarat, which means cleanliness. It includes inmost cleanliness also besides outward cleanliness, that is to say; purify The House of Allah from un-cleanliness of infidelity and plurality.
Baytiya – (My House), Allah Almighty has called The House of Allah - My House. Intent from it is to disclose the greatness and grandeur of The House of Allah at Makkah.
‘Ittaaa-‘ifiina – (those, who go around), at the time of pilgrimage, it is duty of every Pilgrim that he/she should move around the House of God Almighty (The Square Building in Makkah) seven rounds. It was proclaimed first of all in The House of Allah about Oneness of God. So revolving around it is like a promise with tongue, that central spot of our entire lives, the entire acts and worships, is only the Oneness of God Almighty.
‘Aa-kifiina – (those, who meditate therein), to necessitate staying at any place for reverence, according to the religious law of God, ‘i’-tikaaf means to stay in the mosque for the purpose of worship for a particular period. ‘I’-tikaaf remained a practice (Sunnah) of Prophet Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) during the last ten days of the Month of Ramadhan.
Mention of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) begins from here, so that it may be proved to the Children of Israel, “What were His teachings (peace be upon Him) to whom they accept as their forefather and are proud of it?” Then it may also be noted that God Almighty commanded this glorious and respectable Prophet (peace be upon Him), “You will be made Leader of the people due to your sacrifices but this dignity and honor will not be given to the wrongdoers from your lineage”. Because the Children of Israel have given up the straight and actual path, so after snatching from them; this honor is being transferred to the second branch of the Prophet Abraham’s Children i.e. the Children of Ishmael (peace be upon Them).